- The legal framework for Nuclear Safety, as shown in Figure below, consists of four stages: Act (the Nuclear Safety Act), Presidential Decree (the Enforcement Decree of the same Act), Prime Minister’s Regulation (the Enforcement Regulations of the same Act), the NSSC Regulation (the Enforcement Regulations Concerning the Technical Standards of Nuclear Reactor Facilities, etc., the Enforcement Regulations Concerning the Technical Standards of Radiological Safety Management, etc., and NSSC Notice).
- The Nuclear Safety Act provides the bases and the fundamental matters concerning the NSSC, Comprehensive Plan for Nuclear Safety, CP and OL of nuclear installations. The Enforcement Decree of the same Act (the Presidential Decree) provides the technical standards and administrative procedures or methods necessary for the enforcement of the same Act.
- The Enforcement Regulation of the Act (the Prime Minister’s Regulation) and the two regulations concerning technical standards provide the particulars including the detailed procedure, the format of documents, and technical standards, as entrusted by the same Act and the same Decree. The NSSC Notice prescribes specific issues including regulatory requirements and technical standards, as entrusted by the same Act, the same Decree and the same Regulation.
- The industrial standards applicable to nuclear activities are endorsed by the regulatory body and applied to the design and operation of nuclear installations. The guidelines on safety reviews and regulatory inspections, developed by KINS, a technical support organization for safety regulation, are in practical use. Except the standards and requirements prescribed in the Act, Decrees and Notices, KINS has been developing detailed standards and guidelines, mainly to be applied to the new nuclear power plants.
[Legal Framework for Nuclear Safety Regulation]