KINS has contributed to establishing the global nuclear safety framework in conformity with international safety criteria and practices through multilateral cooperation with international communities including the IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) and the OECD/NEA (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development / Nuclear Energy Agency). While enhancing its regulatory competence through cooperative activities including joint R&D projects, KINS has also supported the establishment of nuclear safety infrastructure for new entrant countries.
Cooperation with IAEA
Participating in the IAEA Commission on Safety Standards (CSS) and its four relevant subcommittees (Nuclear Safety, Radiation Safety, Radioactive Waste Safety, and Transport Safety), KINS exchanges technical information on regulatory policies and practices among the IAEA member states. KINS has contributed to the development of internationally harmonized safety standards and establishment of the global nuclear safety framework by faithfully implementing the IAEA Action Plan adopted in September 2011. Also, KINS experts have been dispatched to the IAEA as Cost-Free Experts (CFEs).
The Republic of Korea as a contracting party to international conventions on nuclear and radiation safety has fulfilled its obligations faithfully. The conventions that the ROK joined are shown in the table below.
|Title||Treaty number||Entry into force|
|Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty||Treaty No. 533||April 23, 1975|
|Convention on Physical Protection and Nuclear Material||Treaty No. 922||February 8, 1987|
|Convention on Early Notification of a Nuclear Accident||Treaty No. 1009||July 9, 1990|
|Convention on Assistance in the Case of a Nuclear Accident or Radiological Emergency||Treaty No. 1010||July 9, 1990|
|Convention on Nuclear Safety||Treaty No. 1354||October 24, 1996|
|Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management||Treaty No. 1612||December 15, 2002|
[Major international treaties and conventions for nuclear safety ratified by the Republic of Korea]
The IAEA Integrated Regulatory Review Service (IRRS) mission was conducted in the Republic of Korea in July 2011. Focusing on regulatory technical and policy issues, the effectiveness of the national regulatory infrastructure was assessed and examined. As a result, the IRRS mission team concluded 10 recommendations and 12 suggestions. Notably,15 “good practices” were found in areas such as a structured national approach for nuclear safety and a high level of technical competence, etc. A follow-up mission will be conducted to review the progress in implementing the recommendations and suggestions proposed in the initial IRRS mission.
Cooperation with OECD/NEA
KINS regularly attends various forums to share information and experiences as well as participates in the meetings of the standing committees of the OECD/NEA and their working groups, which are the Committee on Nuclear Regulatory Activities (CNRA), the Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI), the Nuclear Law Committee (NLC), the Committee on Radiation Protection and Public Health (CRPPH), the Radioactive Waste Management Committee (RWMC) and the Committee on Decommissioning of Nuclear Installations and Legacy Management (CDLM)-. KINS has also been participating in in-depth exchanges of technical and programmatic information by carrying out international joint research projects. Regarding new reactor reviews, KINS joined the Multinational Design Evaluation Program (MDEP) established in 2006 where it has been helping to carry out projects of MDEP working groups such as the APR 1400 WG and is contributing to the enhancing of multinational convergence of codes, standards and safety goals.
Cooperation with Regional Networks
KINS has helped new entrant countries develop their own nuclear regulatory capacity such as those in the Asian Nuclear Safety Network (ANSN), the Forum of Nuclear Regulatory Bodies in Africa (FNRBA) and the Arab Atomic Energy Agency (AAEA). KINS has also supported the establishment of safety infrastructure and enhancement of regulatory competence by providing a series of systematic education and training programs and workshops.
Cooperation under the TRM Framework
With regards to enhancing nuclear safety in Northeast Asia, the Top Regulators' Meeting on Nuclear Safety (TRM) was formed that includes China, Japan and Korea in 2008. For radiological emergency use, KINS has contributed to developing the trilateral information exchange framework as well as undertaking the joint emergency preparedness exercises under the TRM Framework.