The nuclear safety regulatory framework of Korea establishes the Nuclear Safety and Security Commission (NSSC) to be in charge of all aspects of nuclear safety regulation. The authority to regulate nuclear safety and establish nuclear safety policies is clearly entrusted to the NSSC through relevant legislation including the Nuclear Safety Act.
The government established the Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS) and the Korea Institute of Nonproliferation and Control (KINAC) as regulatory expert organizations per the Nuclear Safety Act to strengthen technical capabilities relating to nuclear safety regulation, because nuclear safety regulation requires considerable knowledge of specialized technology.
Under entrustment from the NSSC, KINS is in charge of technical aspects of nuclear safety regulation, including safety reviews, inspections, education, and safety research, based on technical knowledge and accumulated regulatory experience. KINAC carries out tasks entrusted by the Commission with respect to physical protection of nuclear power related facilities and nuclear materials and import and export control.